Youth policy

Today, youth are one of the most organized, socially active segments of the population, it is objectively a generator of new ideas, vitality, and energy companies. Young people are not just the future of the country, it’s her present.
Recent years have been significant for youth policy of the Republic. State youth policy is one of priority directions in the activities of many countries. The basic normative legal document regulating relations between the state and youth in the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Law “On state youth policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan” No. 581 dated July 7, 2004, which defines its aims, objectives, directions and mechanisms of state support of youth, social and political rights. Meetings of the three Congress of youth of Kazakhstan with the participation of the President of the country N. Nazarbayev. The sphere of state youth policy in varying degrees, regulated by different state and sectoral programmes: the Programme of youth policy for 2005-2007, the State program Patriotic education of citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2006-2008, the Concept of state youth policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan and others. State youth policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan is carried out in order to create socio-economic, legal, organizational conditions and guarantees for spiritual, cultural, educational, professional formation of the physical development of young people, disclosing its creative potential in the interests of the whole society.
The purpose of the Law “On state youth policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan”, according to article 3, is the creation of socio-economic, legal, organizational conditions and guarantees for spiritual, cultural, educational, professional development and physical development of young people, disclosing its creative potential in the interests of the whole society. The current legislation on state youth policy also highlighted the main tasks, among which protection of the rights and legitimate interests of youth; providing assistance and social services to youth; the implementation of socially significant youth initiatives.
In Chapter 2 of the Law of RK “On state youth policy” assigned to key areas of implementation of youth policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan and guarantees in the field of labour and employment, assistance in solving housing problems, government support youth entrepreneurship.
Youth rights, as enshrined in the Law of RK “On state youth policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan”, article sixth to date, find the support of the state, among them – free medical care, receive a monthly state scholarship for young people studying on state educational grant. Also provides for quota in amounts established by the government of Kazakhstan, for citizens from among rural youth. Fixed the possibility of obtaining social services in the form of advice on legal, psychological and other issues of concern to young people. In this normative legal act contains an article that provides funding in the framework of the state youth policy in the form of state social order. Undoubtedly, this tool of the state support of youth in the Republic of Kazakhstan has great potential to strengthen youth organizations.
The state youth policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan in the sphere of labour and employment is carried out by means of programmes on youth employment, development of public works and training youth in vocational training courses and advanced training.
An example of the successful implementation one of the tasks of the state youth policy, employment of University students and graduates in vocational education project “Youth practice”. Its goal is the acquisition of experience, knowledge and skills, assistance in employment and competitiveness in the labour market.
In order to ensure employment of graduates from 2009 in the regions are offered training and internships in accordance with the received specialty in the workplace. Over the past three years under the program “Youth practice” employed on permanent jobs, about 50,000 graduates.
In 2011, youth practice is implemented in the framework of the program “business Road map 2020” and regional development Programs, the progress reached 15.6 thousand people, including in the framework of the program “business Road map 2020” (hereinafter – TCS) 9.6 thousand.
Another significant project for the employment of graduates of higher and vocational education institutions was a nationwide initiative “Auyl zhastary”.
This project has several objectives, but the main is the support and creation of conditions for development of rural youth.
In the framework of the nationwide initiative “Auyl zhastary” has been implementing a new youth project “With diploma to the village”. His goal — to convey to young people the basic ideas of the state support of experts of social sphere in rural areas. The project involved not only graduates who had just received diplomas, but also experts with experience, who came to the village to work and live for at least five years.
During the period of implementation involved 16 134 specialists of the social sphere, including 12 187 or 76% are teachers, 3 132 (19%) – health professionals, 516 – culture, 133 – social security and 166 of the sport.
The nationwide initiative “Zhasyl El”. One of the main tasks in the field of environment protection and natural resources is the stabilization and improvement of ecological situation in the Republic.
Across the country since 2005 successfully implemented the initiative of the head of state greening “Zhasyl El”. The main goals and objectives of the “Zhasyl El”: the greening of settlements, increase the forest cover of territories with the involvement of youth in these processes. At the present stage of development of independent Kazakhstan, implementation of the program “Zhasyl El” is one of the important places in the implementation of state youth policy.
The project “Youth talent pool” aimed at formation of personnel reserve of Kazakhstan on a competitive basis in the amount of 100 people out of 2000 participants from all regions of Kazakhstan. Training and inclusion in socially meaningful activities in three areas:
– public service;
– public-political activity;
– the business community.
The main directions of the state youth policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan is to promote youth entrepreneurship.
Youth involvement in the field of entrepreneurship is an important way of development of small and medium business not only in Kazakhstan but also worldwide.
In recent issues of youth entrepreneurship has not been given special attention. Work in this direction is mainly limited to training young people wishing to start their own business.
To summarize, we can conclude that the special national legislation in the field of youth policy – a common international practice, an effective tool of formation of the state youth policy.

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